Table of Contents
European Eye Bank Association: Past, Present, and Future
Gary Lloyd Aubrey Jones, BSc (Econ), Iva Dekaris, MD, PhD, Jesper Hjortdal, MD, PhD, Elisabeth Pels, PhD
corneal storage, corneal transplantation, eye banks, organ culture
The European Eye Bank Association (EEBA) is a technical-scientific organisation for eye banks throughout Europe and beyond. Founded in 1989 with the simple objective of sharing information on eye banking, the Association is today the leading pan-national association in Europe dedicated to the advancement of eye banking and an authoritative reference point for eye banks that work according to quality standards. The Association establishes and maintains an agreed-upon set of medical and technical standards; promotes the collection of data on eye bank activities and processes; provides opportunities for the discussion of all aspects of eye banking practice, including eye donor selection and procurement, relevant research and development, education, and training in eye banking; and fosters links with national and international corneal transplant communities and relevant bodies. The introduction of a structured, focused Committee and a permanent Secretariat, and the development of an advanced website have enabled the Association to establish closer links and collaborative activities with key regulatory bodies. The Association has also provided a more constant exchange of clinical, scientific, and technical ideas and best practices with fellow professionals by means of annual meetings, the EEBA Directory and website, and a regular newsletter. The EEBA is committed to defining standards for eye banking and encouraging eye banks to maintain the highest possible standards for quality and safety. Through its Annual Meetings and the collection and exchange of detailed information from Member eye banks, the Association continues to speak with a confident and representative voice on eye banking in Europe.
Sperling S. Human corneal endothelium in organ culture: the influence of temperature and medium of incubation. Acta Ophthalmol (Copenh). 1979;57(5):269-276.
European Union. Directive 2004/23/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 on setting standards of quality and safety for the donation, procurement, testing, processing, preservation, storage and distribution of human tissues and cells. Off J Eur Union. 2004;L102:48-58. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2004:102:0048:0058:en:PDF.
Commission of European Communities. Commission Directive 2006/17/EC of 8 February 2006 Implementing Directive 2004/23/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards certain technical requirements for the donation, procurement and testing of human tissues and cells. Off J Eur Union. 2006;L38:40-52. http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:038:0040:0052:EN:PDF.
Commission of European Communities. Commission Directive 2006/86/EC of 24 October 2006 implementing Directive 2004/23/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards traceability requirements, notification of serious adverse reactions and events and certain technical requirements for the coding, processing, preservation, storage and distribution of human tissues and cells. Off J Eur Union. 2006;L294:32-50. http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:294:0032:0050:EN:PDF.
European Eye Bank Association. [Agreements on] Minimum Medical Standards, Revision 1. Venice: EEBA; February 2012. http://www.europeaneyebanks.org/files/01_EEBA_Minimum_Medical_Standards_Revision_1_Draft_February_2012.pdf. Published April 22, 2012.
Eye Bank Association of America. Medical Standards. Washington, DC: EBAA; November 2011. www.restoresight.org/about-us/ebaa-materials-publications.
European Eye Bank Association. Technical Guidelines for Ocular Tissue. Venice: EEBA; May 2012. www.europeaneyebanks.org/files/Technical_Guidelines_Rev5_21_03_2012__GJ_Clean_.pdf. Published May 1, 2012. Culture. Venice: EEBA; January 2012. www.europeaneyebanks.org/downloads/Stem%20cell%20culture%20recommendations%20-%20revision%200.pdf.
European Eye Bank Association. Recommendations for Stem Cell Culture. Venice: EEBA; January 2012.
European Eye Bank Association. Directory. Venice: EEBA; 1st ed. 1991; 20th ed. 2012. www.europeaneyebanks.org/article/EEBA%2BDirectory%2B%2526%2BCountry%2BProfiles/c/2.
Maas-Reijs H, Pels E, Tullo AB. Eye banking in Europe 1991-1995. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 1997;75(5):541-543.
Pels E, Claerhout I, Maas-Reijs H, et al. Fifteen years of eye banking in Europe. In: Proc XIX Annu EEBA Meeting; January 2007; Bratislava.
2010 Revision of World Population Prospects. Geneva: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division; 2011. http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/.