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Clinical Profile of Patients Awaiting Keratoplasty in Northern India
Saranya Devi, MD, DNB, Anita Ganger, MD, DNB, Archita Singh, MD, Mohamed Ibrahime Asif, MBBS, Dr. Noopur Gupta, MD PhD, Vanathi Morugesan, Radhika Tandon
Background and objectives: Corneal blindness is a major
public health issue, especially in developing countries like India.
Our aim is to study the clinical profile of patients awaiting keratoplasty
in a tertiary eye care centre in North India.
Methods: Retrospective analysis of the registration forms of
the patients registered for keratoplasty over a period of one
year at Dr. Rajendra Prasad centre for ophthalmic sciences,
Delhi were included in this study. The variables studied were
age, gender, geographic area, provisional diagnosis of the registered
eye, best corrected visual acuity of the registered eye,
visual potential, presence of vascularization, type of keratoplasty
and category of registration.
Results: 2115 registration forms were analyzed, out of which
59.57% were males and 40.4% were females, 5.1% were
infants. Healed infectious keratitis was the most common
indication for keratoplasty. Congenital Hereditary Endothelial
Dystrophy (CHED) was the most common indication (33.33%)
Conclusion: Keratoplasty registration forms can serve as an
essential tool to identify the clinical and Clinical profile of
patients awaiting keratoplasty in India. It also helps to indirectly
assess the demand of the donor cornea, which is higher despite
the increasing awareness of eye donation among the general
population in developing countries like India. Healed infectious
keratitis is the most common indication for penetrating keratoplasty
in our study from North Indian population.